Medium tank. It is estimated that around 70 000 T-54 and T-55 tanks were produced in the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and Poland. This figure does not include tanks produced in China. Since its introduction the T-55 has seen combat in more than 20 wars. Russian Army withdrawn last T-55 tanks from active service in 2016.
The T-55 was a further improved version of the T-54 Main Battle Tank series of 1949 intended to counter the new American M60 tank (based on a highly modified form of the earlier M48 "Patton" series). Compared with the preceding model, the T-55 incorporated an all-new turret as well as NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) protection for the crew.
The T-55 can run at a maximum road speed of 50 km/h and 27 km/h in cross-country. The tank can fording a maximum depth of 1.4 m without preparation and up to 5 m with deep fording kit which consists of snorkel mounted over the loader's hatch cover.
T-54 / T-55 Series Tanks. The layout of the T-54 is conventional, with the main armament comprising a 100mm rifled gun. The T-54 has been used more than any other tank since the Second World War.
The T-55M & AM (late 1970 to 1980s) These upgrades packages for the T-55s & T-55As comprised: The "Volna" fire control system. The 9K116-1 "Bastion" ATGM system & 1K13 BOM guidance system. The "Tsiklon-M1" gun stabilization system & TShSM-32PV sights. The upgraded V-55U engine. Improved suspension and RMSh tracks.
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